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Our bikes - 1980 Suzuki GSX1100E - part 1

(from MT #241, circa Feb 2011)

by Guy 'Guido' Allen, pics by Ellen Dewar

Suzuki GSX1100E

Cheap Thrills

Fancy a big, cheap, powerful naked bike? Guido did and reckons he found just the ticket in an old Suzi

“Do we own that?” enquired Ms M snr, who was stabbing a somewhat suspicious finger at Grendel, the GSX. I briefly toyed with the idea of denying everything, but it’s a tough call when you’re caught, polishing rag in one hand and an old motorcycle in the other. You see, I hadn’t got around to letting her in on the joyous news that yet another motorcycle had been added to an already bulging shed.
“It looks good,” she announced, before toddling off to wreak havoc on some unsuspecting sector of what’s laughingly called a garden at our house.


Like many of the monsters in our fleet, this one was bought almost by mistake. I wasn’t really in the market, but tripped over an ad for this thing, asking $4500 (this was 2011). The thinking was that, despite there being hoardes of two-wheeled transports of delight at our disposal, there wasn’t anything that would qualify as a nice easy-going all-rounder that you could just sling a bag on and head interstate with.


So if we could get this one for a good price, it was a candidate. An offer of $3500 was made and accepted. A week or two later, the bike was shipped across from Tasmania.


Now is probably a good time to mention that I bought this sight-unseen from a Kawasaki wrecker – not the most promising start. But it looked pretty complete in the photos and I was told that it was a decent runner. With just a little trepidation, I hopefully stabbed the starter button for the first time. Yep, it fired and sounded pretty solid. Beaut!

Suzuki GSX1100E

The GSX series
Suzuki’s GSX1100 series was effectively the company’s second line of big four-strokes. It all started with the GS two-valve family, which went on to be sold alongside the GSX for several years.
The GSX (confusingly known as the GS in the USA) was a big, bluff, motorcycle wrapped around a particularly robust four-valve air-cooled powerplant. It started off with 1074cc capacity for the 1980 model year, claiming 100 horses.


It powered a series of motorcycles, including the Katana, and grew to 1135cc and a claimed 124 horses by the time it was shoe-horned into the last of this series – the GSX1100EFF of 1985-86.
By far its biggest claim to fame was strength. It was hugely popular with engine tuners, thanks to an apparently unburstable bottom end, and has been a major force in the drag bike world.

It also saw a resurgence in historic racing. Last January at the Phillip Island historic challenge, Steve Martin set a sub-1’40” time on a Katana, rumoured to be punching out somewhere up near 190 horses. That time would have landed him toward the pointy end of a superbike grid, not so long ago.


The engine is straight-forward to work on. Valve lash is set via screw and locknut, with most tasks being easy to reach once you remove the fuel tank.


The bike you see here is the first of the 1100 series, the GSX1100ET. In its day, it could briefly lay claim to being the fastest production bike in the world, with a top speed of 220km/h, and a quarter mile time in the 11-second range.


It went on to a respectable race career. In its first Castrol 6-Hour, in 1980, it was beaten by the comparatively exotic Honda CB1100R, settling for second place. With the Honda out of the way the following year, it scored first and second. By 1982, the Katana had taken over the 6-Hour duties.


Though it had more than its share of success, the GSX is actually fairly conventional. The chassis is based on a twin-loop steel frame, running a 19-inch front wheel and 17 rear. Suspension has a lot of adjustment on hand, with air-assist for the springing at the front, mechanical preload on the rear, and damping options at both ends.


It’s a heavy sucker. Weighing 243kg dry, it carries a useful 24 litres of fuel. Typical of the era, it’s roomy, with plenty of space for two people and a comfy seat. It’s the quintessential Universal Japanese Motorcycle – serious performance bike for its day, easy to live with on a daily basis, and pretty good touring potential.

Suzuki GSX1100E

More parts, Vicar?
While I was generally happy with Grendel, there was a fair bit of work to be done. The big relief is the powerplant, with a little shy of 70,000km on the odo, is just fine – noisy if the idle is allowed to drop too low, with clutch basket and primary drive making a racket, but that’s fairly typical.


It arrived with a very sad-looking old four-into-one exhaust, weeping fork seals and suspect front brakes. Also, when you hopped aboard, the footpegs were out of alignment. Then there was the usual cosmetic wear and tear from three decades.


I’d promised not to get carried away with this one. The theory was it was supposed to be cheap transport. Plan A was to get a reasonably powerful naked bike on the road for under $5k. The added bonus was it’s old enough to go up rather than down in value, and to be registered on historic plates at a fraction of the normal cost.


As you might expect there were one or two surprises. The bike came with what was supposed to be a used and slightly battered standard exhaust system – a major bonus, if it could be cleaned up. Oops – it turned out that half the system was for a GSX750, which looks identical, but doesn’t fit. Never mind, I knew it was too good to be true.


Stock exhausts can’t be found for love nor money, so we went on the hunt for a replacement four-into-one. I really like the look of the Marshall Deeptone (UK), but it wasn’t available at the time.


In the end, I settled on a Motad. British designed and, I suspect, Chinese-made, it landed at a ridiculously low $550. The quality is acceptable, rather than brilliant, and has dropped a little since the manufacturing moved out of the UK. The fittings are a little tacky, but the whole set-up looks fine once it’s on the bike. The muffler hangs lower than ideal, something which became evident when I tapped it on a lane marker during the photo session, putting a slight dent in the system.


Whinges aside, the system is fairly quiet and the performance is good. It would have been nice to get a decent four-into-two made, to match the original layout, but that would have comprehensively blown the budget.

Suzuki GSX1100E


There are lots of original parts available. Mick Hone Motorcycles in Melbourne has been a useful source, with a surprising amount in stock. When I wasn’t harassing them, I was using my local dealership – Stafford Motorcycles – for the mechanical work. Both shops are run by experts with a strong race background who’ve been around since GSXs were new, which means they ‘get’ them.


The dud footpegs were easily replaced (three out of four were available), while the fork seals were straight-forward. The box of bits that came with the machine included a Chivos fork brace – a great lump of alloy designed to add a little rigidity to the front end. This is the second early eighties Suzuki I’ve bought with one of those things included – they must have sold hundreds of them. Anyway, I’ve left it off. To me, it’s just adding whipped cream to a turnip.


The rear suspension is aftermarket Konis, which seem to be remarkably fresh. They were set to maximum everything and have now been backed off for a little more compliance.


Stafford’s workshop crew pronounced the front brake master cylinder to be pining for the fjords and recommended replacing it. They ended up sourcing a complete aftermarket unit for just $140, which was cheap enough to discount any thought of getting a wrecked part. It’s not exactly the same as the original, but fits in with the general look of the GSX and works fine.


It’s remarkable how much you can improve the appearance of a motorcycle just by getting stuck into the details. Grendel was unquestionably tired in the visual department, but the paint is sound (if a little chipped in places) and all the cosmetics are there. The rear mudguard had a mysterious ‘bite’ out of one side, but was replaced fairly cheaply with a new part.


Initially I wondered about the poor match-up of the pinstripes at the bottom edge of both sides of the fuel tank, until a period brochure revealed that that’s how they came out of the factory…


So it was time to get busy with the touch-up paint. The black paint is simple enough to restore (albeit not perfectly), while the broken chrome strips on the instruments and rear cowl were tidied up with a silver paint pen. Purists will be horrified, but it looks fine when you stand back a little. Throw some polish at it, and the whole shebang brushes up well.

Suzuki GSX1100E

Mount up
This is my second GSX – the last was a more comprehensive restoration/hot-up job in the late eighties and I hadn’t ridden one since. It’s funny how our mental goal posts have been moved over the intervening period, by behemoths like 1800 GoldWings and 2.3 litre Triumphs. There was a time when the GSX seemed like a massive bike – not any more. It’s not exactly going to blow away, but it’s really only a middleweight contender.


The mental image I had was wrestling an unsorted pig-rooting monster through the bends, wondering who was going to make it out the other side. While it could use further fettling – with fresh rubber at the top of the list of priorities – it’s not bad. Okay, if you threw it into a corner at GSX-R speeds, you might as well pre-book the ambulance to save waiting. But it’s still a hoot. The cornering clearance is limited and the braking leisurely, though the steering is nice and easy thanks in part to the upright ride position and big wide handlebars. It’s low stress fun.


The power is ample. GSX engines of this era have a ton of midrange and pretty smooth delivery. I suspect this one could do with a carb-sync, but it’s got more than enough oomph to give the police reason to tear up your licence.


An hour or so playing with the thing in the backblocks had me walking away with a big grin across the dial. It’s just good old-fashioned petrol-head fun, like it used to be. You’re not doing lap-record speeds but, then again, you could sling a swag across the pillion seat and head off across the continent tomorrow, without a worry.


Excluding normal running costs like servicing, I reckon Grendel came in under budget – given the grin factor, that’s great value.

(Ed's note: This was written some time ago - 2011 - and the GSX has since climbed in value. We did however spot a nice-looking example recently - April 2020 - at $10,000, while you'd pick up a project for less. Look for our upcoming updates on this bike, where things didn't go quite as smoothly as planned!)

Suzuki GSX1100E

Know your enemy
Before embarking on a project like this, it really pays to do your homework. I’ve owned one of these bikes before and have several other machines of a similar vintage, and so knew what I was getting into.
If you’re not familiar with the territory, get online and on the phone to see what parts are available at what price. The GSX bits were pretty reasonable, which isn’t always the case. It’s typical for cosmetic pieces and exhaust systems to be unobtainable for this era, or viciously expensive.
Also have a think about what you plan to do. Is it just a quick tidy-up and ride, like this project, or a full resto? Keep in mind budgets and timelines for full restorations often blow way out and then there’s the question of whether the machine is worth all that expense.
There are still workshops out there that happily deal with this older machinery, but many do not. So if you’re not prepared and able to tackle the mechanical tasks yourself, suss out what support is out there.
It also pays to get to know the history of any model you’re looking at, as it will help enormously when you go to source bits. In the case of old Suzukis, you’ll find this site a great starting point: suzukicycles.org.

Suzuki GSX1100E

Specs GSX1100E 1980
Overall Length: 2 255 mm (88.8 in)
Overall Width: 760 mm (30.0 in)
Overall Height: 1 190 mm (46.9 in)
Wheelbase:
Weight: 243 kg (535 lbs)
Engine type: Air-cooled 1 074 cc inline-4, DOHC, 16 valves. 100 hp (105 ps)/ 8.700 rpm, 8,7 kg-m/ 6500 rpm.
Displacement    1074 ccm (65.54 cubic inches)
Engine Type       inline, 4 cylinders
Bore x Stroke      Ø72.0 mm x 66.0 mm (Ø2.83 inches x 2.6 inches)
Bore/Stroke Ratio        1.09
Stroke        4
Valves per Cylinder     4
Timing System    DOHC
Cooling System   Air
Gearbox     5 speed
Chassis/Suspension/Brakes
Front Brakes       Dual disc
Rear Brakes       Single disc
Front Tire  3.50-19
Rear Tire   4.50-17
Curb Weight       259 kg (571 lb)
Fuel Capacity     24 litres (6.34 gallons)
Performance
Max Power 100.00 HP (73.0 kW) at 8700 RPM
Power/Weight Ratio     0.39 Hp/Kg
Top Speed 219 km/h (136mph)
0-100 km/h         4.4 seconds

Suzuki GSX1100E

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